Problems faced by seafarers – Essential Insights for Sailors


Table of Contents

Indeed, working at sea presents numerous challenges that demand both physical and mental resilience from seafarers. The maritime environment can be unforgiving, subjecting individuals to harsh weather conditions, rough seas, and isolation for extended periods. 

Here’s an elaboration on the problems faced by seafarers while working on board the vessels:

Physical strain and demand:

Seafaring often involves labour-intensive tasks. The constant motion of the ship can lead to seasickness, fatigue, physical discomfort, irregular sleep patterns, and exposure to harsh weather conditions can lead to fatigue, injuries, and chronic health issues. Thus, making it crucial for seafarers to maintain their physical fitness (check your BMI)and stamina at all times while on board the vessel.

Adaptability to environmental challenges:

Seafarers always must adapt to various environmental challenges encountered at sea, including extreme weather conditions, unpredictable currents, and potential hazards such as icebergs or pirates in certain regions. They must remain vigilant and prepared to respond effectively to emergencies such as storms, collisions, or engine and mechanical failures, often with limited resources and support available.

Personal or Health issues and Access to healthcare:

Seafarers often face personal and health challenges due to the demanding nature of their work and their prolonged periods away from home. Access to medical care can be limited due to limited medical facilities onboard and difficulties accessing medical assistance while at sea pose challenges for addressing health concerns promptly, particularly on long voyages or in remote areas.  Addressing these issues requires better onboard medical facilities, mental health resources, and support systems to ensure the welfare of seafarers during their demanding and often isolated careers.


Prolonged separation from family and friends can induce feelings of loneliness and homesickness. To tackle isolation for seafarers, provide access to reliable internet for communication with family and friends, organize recreational activities onboard, offer counselling services for mental health support, and ensure regular crew rotation to mitigate the effects of prolonged periods at sea on seafarers’ well-being.

Mental health and mental resilience:

The confined living spaces and monotony at sea can contribute to stress, anxiety, and depression among seafarers. The restrictive shore leave at many ports ,the isolation and confined spaces aboard a ship can take a toll on a seafarer’s mental well-being. Extended periods away from family and friends, combined with the monotony of the sea voyage, can lead to feelings of loneliness, anxiety, and stress. Additionally, the responsibility of ensuring the safety of the vessel and its crew, often in challenging circumstances, requires a high level of mental alertness, problem-solving skills, and decision-making ability.

Addressing these issues requires improved support systems, including access to mental health services, regular health screenings, and policies to promote a healthy work-life balance for seafarers.

Safety risks:(The inherent risk among the problems faced by seafarers)

Working on a ship inherently involves certain safety risks, including the potential for accidents, injuries, or even fatalities. Seafarers must adhere to strict safety protocols, undergo regular training in emergency procedures, and be prepared to respond swiftly to any onboard incidents to ensure the well-being of themselves and their colleagues.

Improving safety for seafarers involves comprehensive training on maritime laws and safety protocols, rigorous risk assessments, enhanced communication channels, access to legal support, and promoting professionalism. Implementing best practices in ship operations and crew welfare fosters a safer environment, reducing the risk of accidents and legal issues.

Criminalization of seafarers – (The most feared among the problems faced by seafarers)

The criminalization of seafarers refers to situations where seafarers are subjected to criminal prosecution or legal action because of incidents occurring during their duties at sea. The criminalization of seafarers, subjecting them to legal action for incidents at sea, raises fairness concerns. Factors include complex maritime laws, stringent regulations, jurisdictional complexities, pressure to assign blame, and limited legal support. This issue impacts seafarer welfare, industry morale, and recruitment.

To prevent the criminalization of seafarers, enhance training on maritime laws and safety protocols, conduct thorough risk assessments, improve communication channels for incident reporting, provide legal support, and foster industry collaboration. Implementing best practices in ship operations and crew welfare, alongside promoting professionalism and ethical conduct, will help create a safer, more supportive environment for seafarers, reducing the risk of legal issues and ensuring their well-being and integrity are upheld.

The menace of piracy and terrorist attacks:

Piracy poses a significant threat to seafarers, jeopardizing their safety, livelihoods, and mental well-being. Operating primarily in regions such as the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Guinea, the Indian Ocean, and the South China Sea, pirates target ships for hijacking, robbery, and ransom demands. These attacks often involve violence, coercion, and hostage-taking, putting the lives of seafarers at grave risk. The menace of piracy creates an atmosphere of constant fear and stress among seafarers, who must navigate through high-risk areas as part of their job. The psychological toll of these experiences can be severe, leading to anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among crew members.

Efforts to combat piracy include naval patrols, collaboration between international maritime organizations, and the implementation of Best Management Practices (BMP) onboard vessels. However, piracy remains a persistent threat, requiring ongoing vigilance and cooperation from the global community to ensure the safety and security of seafarers navigating the world’s oceans.

Exploitation of seafarers:

Exploitation of seafarers involves various forms of abuse, including low wages, long working hours, inadequate living conditions, and denial of basic rights. Some employers engage in practices like wage theft, contract manipulation, and forced labour, exploiting seafarers’ vulnerability due to the global nature of the maritime industry. Additionally, seafarers may face physical or verbal abuse, lack of access to medical care, unsafe working conditions and abandonment of by some unscrupulous employers. 

Addressing exploitation requires enforcing labour regulations, improving working conditions, ensuring proper work rest hour, not manipulating work rest hour records, providing legal protections, and promoting fair treatment of seafarers.

The International Transport Workers Federation  can be contacted to resolve certain issues pertaining to seafarers.

Lack of onshore employment opportunities:

The lack of shore opportunities for seafarers seeking to transition to onshore jobs presents a significant challenge. Many seafarers face difficulties in finding suitable employment ashore due to factors such as limited transferable skills, lack of recognition for maritime experience in other industries, and competition from shore-based professionals. Additionally, the unique lifestyle and demands of seafaring can make it challenging for individuals to adapt to onshore roles. 

Addressing this issue requires initiatives such as skills training programs, career transition support, and partnerships between maritime organizations and other industries to facilitate the successful integration of seafarers into onshore employment opportunities.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Who is a seafarer?(seafarers’ definition)

A seafarer is an individual who is employed to work on board any type of marine vessel. While the term “seafarer” typically refers to those actively engaged in maritime work, it can also encompass individuals who have accumulated extensive experience and expertise over a long career at sea.

What is the nickname for seafarers?

The common nickname for seafarers is “sailors” or “seamen”. The “seamen” or “seaman” is commonly used term to refer to individuals who work at sea. It is often used interchangeably with “sailors” to describe those who crew ships and vessels, performing various tasks related to navigation, maintenance, and operation at sea.

Is seafaring a good career?

Seafaring can be a rewarding career for those who enjoy adventure, travel, and working in a dynamic environment. It offers opportunities for personal growth, skill development, and international experiences. However, it also comes with challenges such as prolonged periods away from home, isolation, and potential risks associated with working at sea. 

Why do seafarers quit?

The seafarers often quit and seek alternative employment onshore, due to prolonged periods away from home, leading to feelings of isolation and loneliness and concerns about their physical and mental well-being. Many seafarers resign due to seeking a stable life, low risk, and a better social life ashore. They may prioritize these over higher incomes, indicating a desire for a more balanced lifestyle.

Why seafarers are heroes?

Seafarers, for their bravery, resilience, and sacrifices made while navigating the world’s oceans, are the unsung heroes of the maritime industry , ensuring vital goods are transported safely, contributing to global trade, and commerce.

What is the future of seafarers?

The future of seafarers is influenced by new regulations prompting the adoption of alternative fuels and energy-saving technologies. Automation and smart ship technology advancements suggest a shift towards autonomous vessels. Seafarers may need to adapt to these changes, potentially altering traditional roles and skill requirements in the maritime industry.



Related Popular Articles


Women in shipping – Pros and Cons

  Women currently make up only 1.2% of the maritime workforce. This presents an incredible opportunity for growth, diversity, and empowerment within the maritime industry


Passive income streams for mariners

Passive income streams for mariners can vary depending on individual circumstances, skills, and interests. Most mariners focus on honing their skills in navigation, safety, operating


Seafarers happiness on board – Key factors

Seafarers lead a challenging life, navigating the seas for extended periods, enduring isolation, facing unpredictable weather, and maintaining vessels. Their resilience and commitment ensure global

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *